NOW Urbanism

The urban age has been a long one. In 1900, only sixteen cities in the world had populations of one million people or more. By 2000, there were 417. In 1950, only one city in the world had a population of over ten million people; today, there are 19 megacities.

Now Urbanism is the University of Washington's 2010-2011 John E. Sawyer Seminar Series and is aimed at generating an engaging and interdisciplinary conversation about the present moment and prospective futures of the urban age.

Building the rubric of Now Urbanism, we must move beyond visions of cities that disregard the richness and complexity of the present: NOW. Urban is not the form of human settlement. Urban is a way of looking at the world. Now Urbanism is a critical and complex practice that is simultaneously local, regional, and global.

Event Information

All of the following events are free and open to the public. Unless listed otherwise, all events will be held at 6:30 pm in Room 120 of Kane Hall at the University of Washington. Directions and Parking for the events.

Upcoming Events

Jan 27: Digital Tools Workshop

In the past academic year, the UW was fortunate to host a Sawyer Seminar in Comparative Cultures, funded by the Mellon Foundation with significant support from the Colleges of Arts & Sciences, Built Environments, and the Simpson Center for the Humanities. Many people were actively engaged in this endeavor. In the first year we established a community and launched discussions while in the second year we will focus on articulating and encouraging new faculty research projects.

One thread that emerged from the Sawyer was the use of digital technologies in bringing together planning, design, and humanistic approaches to urban environments – built, “natural,” and human. For example, urban planners, architects, and landscape designers regularly employ three-dimensional modeling and other kinds of digital visualizations to present speculative urban change. They rarely employ them for retrospective analyses, and these visualizations often present an urban place (or part of the place) devoid of its political, economic, and cultural context. How can we not only visualize historically in two dimensions, but also push out into three and four dimensions? How can the sources and methods of urban environmental history can release the untapped potential of such digital and visual tools? What are the new questions such methods might suggest in urban environmental history? How might the thick section inform urban ecological design?

To discuss this we have invited scholars engaged in digital tools, urban design, and urban history for a one day workshop on January 27, 2012. Participants will include UW faculty and staff as well as three scholars from outside of Seatte. We are delighted to be able to pursue this important topic with the ongoing support of the Simpson Center and our colleges. Preliminary LU Resources
Jon Christensen, Executive Director of the Bill Lane Center for the American West and a Principal Investigator in the Spatial History Project at Stanford University
Jon Christensen
Stanford University

Jon Christensen is the principal investigator for the Critical Habitat and Tooling Up for Digital Histories projects. He is Executive Director of the Bill Lane Center for the American West at Stanford. Critical Habitat is examining the spatial history of ideas, narratives, science, and practices of conservation across multiple spatial and temporal scales in the American West.

Tooling Up for Digital Histories is a collaboration between the Spatial History Project and the Computer Graphics Lab at Stanford University and others compiling, testing, and creating new tools for digital and spatial research in the humanities.
Bradley Cantrell, Assistant Professor, Landscape Architecture, LSU and Principal of the Visual Logic Lab
Bradley Cantrell
Louisiana State University

Bradley Cantrell's current work is dedicated to advancing the science and art of landscape representation through computing and data visualization. He currently supervises research at the Terrain Kinetics (TiKi) Lab, an interdisciplinary facility for design/infrastructure visualization and interactive/reactive landscapes. Cantrell's research and teaching focuses on using digital film and techniques to represent landscape form and phenomenology.

This work in digital representation ranges from improving the workflow of digital media in the design process, to providing a methodology for deconstructing landscape through compositing and film editing techniques. He is also actively researching and prototyping interactive landscapes using devices which express site characteristics through ambient cues. A continuation of work started at the Harvard Graduate School of Design, this research aims to strengthen designers’ analysis and understanding of landscape and the everyday use of space.
Marc Miller, Lecturer, Landscape Architecture, Cornell University
Marc Miller
Cornell University

Marc Miller is a Lecturer in the Department of Landscape Architecture with advanced degrees in Architecture and Landscape Architecture, and B.F.A in Fine Arts and Art History. He has practiced as an architect and designer internationally on a range of project types including museums, luxury retail and higher education. His interests lie in the roles of representation, visualization and modeling in the design process using both digital and analog media formats.

Currently he is working on methods of representing space using synchroballistic photography, and the use of open source 3d printers to create “rapid prototype” landscape interventions. He has been part of two other projects that received funding from the CCA. Most recently, he exhibited a series of synchroballistic photographs as part of a project titled “Landscape is a Verb.” Prior to that he was responsible for creating a series of maps for “Between the Lines,” in 2008.

Past Lectures

May 26: The University and the City

A capstone and a conversation about the global role of universities shaping present-day urban realities and future urban possibilities.
Phyllis Wise, Interim President, University of Washington
Phyllis Wise
Interim President, University of Washington

Phyllis M. Wise is Interim President of the University of Washington. Prior to assuming the role of Interim President, Wise served as Provost and Executive Vice President. Wise, who is a professor of Physiology and Biophysics, Biology, and Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of Washington, previously served as dean of the College of Biological Sciences at the University of California at Davis, from 2002 to 2005. Prior to that, she was professor and chair of the Department of Physiology at the University of Kentucky in Lexington from 1993 to 2002. Wise was a faculty member at the University of Maryland, Baltimore, from 1976 to 1993, promoting through the ranks to full professor of physiology in 1987. She holds a bachelor’s degree (1967) from Swarthmore College in biology and a doctorate (1972) degree in zoology from the University of Michigan.
Kåre Bremer, President, Stockholm University
Kåre Bremer
President, Stockholm University

Vice-Chancellor of Stockholm University since 1 February 2004, Kåre Bremer has a long academic career within the field of botany– he completing a PhD in Botany in 1976 at Stockholm University and from 1972 to 1980 he occupied various positions within Stockholm University's Department of Botany. From 1980 until 1989 he was Head Curator at the Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Phanerogamic Botany, and then Professor of Systematic Botany at Uppsala University from 1989 to January 2004.

Kåre Bremer was born of Swedish parents at Lidingö, outside of Stockholm, Sweden on 17 January 1948. He is married to Birgitta Bremer, and has two children, son Oscar, born 1981 and daughter Hanna, born 1983. His favourite pastime is touring the Stockholm archipelago in his Coronet motorboat.
Lynne Brown, Vice President, New York University
Lynne Brown
New York University

Lynne P. Brown serves as NYU’s Senior Vice President for University Relations and Public Affairs and in that role is responsible for the University’s interaction with government at all levels, outreach to the community, strategic communications, and university-wide initiatives involving New York City. For the last four years, she has led two of those major initiatives: "NYU 2031: NYU in NYC", the University’s first comprehensive strategy for growth; and the NYU Sustainability Task Force, a university-wide group charged with reducing the University’s environmental footprint. A political scientist by training, Lynne received her B.A. from Smith College and her Ph.D. in political science from The Johns Hopkins University..
Dr. Wu Zhiqiang, Dean of the College of Architecture and Planning, Tongji University, Shanghai
Dr. Wu Zhiqiang
Tongji University, Shanghai China

Dr. Wu ZhiqiangTongi University, Shanghai, China Prof. WU Siegfried Zhiqiang received his Ph.D. degree in 1996 from Technical University of Berlin, Germany. Now he is Assistant President of Tongji University and Chief Planner of 2010 World Exposition, Shanghai, China. He also serves as Co-Chair of International Steering Committee of World Planning Schools Congress (WPSC), Director of Planning Education Steering Council of China, and Vice President of Urban Planning Society of China. Prof. Wu is Director of Green Campus Subcommittee and Vice President of China Green Building Council at the same time. Because of his outstanding contribution to urban planning in China, Prof. WU is granted as permanent member of UNESCO-UIA World Architectural Education Council and member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences (IVA) . Prof. WU is an active scholar, a dedicated educator and a successful practitioner, who has devoted himself to improve human settlement in China and around the world.

Introduction by Brian Bershad, Seattle Director, Google

October 7: Now Urbanism, Now Seattle

Now Seattle: Launching a conversation about the connections between past and present, built and human, local and global - in Seattle and beyond.
Lisa Graumlich, Dean, UW College of the Environment, Seattle
Lisa Graumlich
Dean, UW College of the Environment, Seattle

A scientist known internationally for research on climate and ecosystems with a track record of getting wide-ranging groups of experts to focus on environmental issues, Lisa Graumlich currently serves as the inaugural Dean of the University of Washington’s College of the Environment, now in its first academic year. Graumlich was previously at the University of Arizona as the Director of the School of Natural Resources and the Environment.

As a paleoecologist, Graumlich investigates how ecosystems and human societies adapted to climate change, with a special focus on severe and persistent drought. She is renowned for her interdisciplinary focus and has a career-long interest in global climate change, especially with regard to how to best manage natural and human resources in an uncertain future. Graumlich received her B.S. in Botany and M.S. in Geography from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and her Ph.D. in Forest Resources from the University of Washington (1985). She was named an Aldo Leopold Leadership Fellow in 1999 and was elected as Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) in 2004.
William Rees Morrish, Dean, Parsons The New School for Design, New York City
William Rees Morrish
Parsons The New School for Design

A licensed architect, William R. Morrish is currently Dean at The School of Constructed Environments at Parsons. Morrish previously served at the University of Virginia's School of Architecture where, as the school's first interdisciplinary professor, he taught and led research in the areas of sustainable urban infrastructure, new housing models, and global urbanization and climate change. The author of Growing Urban Habitats: Seeking a New Housing Development Model (with Susanne Schindler; William Stout Architectural Books, 2009), Civilizing Terrains: Mountains, Mounds, and Mesas (William Stout Architectural Books, 2004), and Planning to Stay: Learning to See the Physical Features of Your Neighborhood (with Catherine Brown; Milkweed Editions, 2000), Morrish’s work has recently focused on addressing what he calls the "second generation of sustainability": the design of cultural ecologies.
Philip J. Ethington, History & Political Science, University of Southern California
Philip J. Ethington
History & Political Science, University of Southern California

Philip J. Ethington is Professor of History and Political Science at the University of Southern California, North American Editor and Multimedia Editor of the journal Urban History and Co-Director (with Tara McPherson) of the USC Center for Transformative Scholarship. An interdisciplinary historian, Ethington’s scholarship explores the past as a cartography of time. His recent published work include theoretical work on a spatial theory of history; sociological studies of residential segregation; large-format maps of urban historical change; Online interactive Web 2.0 tools, archives, and publications for urban studies; and museum exhibit collaborations. He is co-PI of the HyperCities project (funded in part by the MacArthur Foundation and HASTAC).

Most recently, Ethington co-wrote the award-winning film Visual Acoustics: The Modernism of Julius Shulman (Art House Films, 2009), which is narrated by Dustin Hoffman. His photography and cartography have been published and exhibited internationally. He is currently completing a large-format graphic book, interactive online publication, and public art exhibit Ghost Metropolis: Los Angeles, since 13,000 BP.
Panel Moderated by Raymond Gastil, Gastilworks, Seattle
Raymond Gastil
Urban Planner, Gastilworks, Seattle

Raymond Gastil is a city planner and urban designer. He is the former City Planning Director for the City of Seattle. Gastil previously served as Director of the Manhattan Office for the New York City Department of City Planning, as well as founding director of the Van Alen Institute: Projects in Public Architecture, where he led a program of idea competitions, exhibitions, publications, and fellowships committed to the transformative role of design in the public realm. His publications include Beyond the Edge: New York’s New Waterfront (Princeton Architectural Press, 2002). Following his professional education in architecture, he led the Regional and Transit-Oriented Design programs at the Regional Plan Association for the New York-New Jersey-Connecticut region.
Session resources >> Related Readings
Costanza, R., Graumlich, L., Steffen, W., Crumley, C., Dearing, J., Hibbard, K., . . . Schimel, D. (2007). Sustainability or collapse: What can we learn from integrating the history of humans and the rest of nature? AMBIO: A journal of the human environment, 36, 522-527.

Ethington, P.J. (2010). Ab urbe condita: Regional regimes since 13,000 before present. In W. Deverell & G. Hise (Eds.), The Blackwell companion to Los Angeles (pp. 177-215). Cambridge, MA: Blackwell.

Morrish, W.R. (2008). After the storm: Rebuilding cities upon reflexive infrastructure. Social Research, 75, 993-1014.

November 17: Environmental Urbanism: Design with Ecological Democracy @ Architecture 147 [Public Lecture]

Randolph T. Hester, Landscape Architecture, University of California, Berkeley
Randolph T. Hester
Landscape Architecture, University of California, Berkeley

Professor Hester’s research focuses on the role of citizens in community design and ecological planning. He is one of the founders of the research movement to apply sociology to the design of neighborhoods, cities and landscapes. His current work is a search for a design process to support ecological democracy. Topics of special interest include Citizen Science, Stewardship, Sacred Landscapes, and Environmental Justice.

November 18: Environmental Urbanism: Ecological Design For Healthy Cities

What does it mean to envision a healthy city - one that nurtures both people and the environment? Environmental Urbanism acknowledges and embraces the relationships between people and their material surroundings. This session will explicitly consider how the human processes of city making involve an ongoing negotiation with various non-human elements-- soils, water, atmosphere, and animals. By considering the intended and unintended effects of urbanization, our goal is to better understand how and to what extent we can intentionally shape future urban landscapes.

Chris Reed, STOSS, Boston
Chris Reed
STOSS, Boston

Chris Reed is an Adjunct Associate Professor of Landscape Architecture at Harvard University’s Graduate School of Design, and founding principal of Stoss Landscape Urbanism, a Boston-based strategic design and planning practice. Reed is a registered landscape architect with professional interests in strategic planning and urban framework design. His research interests include infrastructure and urbanism in the contemporary North American metropolis, with a recent focus on Los Angeles; the recalibration of engineering and infrastructural technologies toward an expanded and hybridized notion of a landscape-based urbanism; and a reconsideration of the meaning and agency of ecology in design practices and design thinking.

Reed’s own work has been awarded, exhibited and published nationally. He lectures internationally, and has taught at the University of Pennsylvania, the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, the Rhode Island School of Design and Florida International University."
Randolph T. Hester, Landscape Architecture, University of California, Berkeley
Randolph T. Hester
Landscape Architecture, University of California, Berkeley

Professor Hester’s research focuses on the role of citizens in community design and ecological planning. He is one of the founders of the research movement to apply sociology to the design of neighborhoods, cities and landscapes. His current work is a search for a design process to support ecological democracy. Topics of special interest include Citizen Science, Stewardship, Sacred Landscapes, and Environmental Justice.

Howard Frumkin, Dean, UW School of Public Health
Howard Frumkin
Dean, UW School of Public Health

Howard Frumkin is Dean of the University of Washington School of Public Health. He is an internist, environmental and occupational medicine specialist, and epidemiologist. From 2005 to 2010 he served leadership roles at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, first as director of the National Center for Environmental Health and Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, and later as Special Assistant to the CDC Director for Climate Change and Health. Previously, he was Professor and Chair of the Department of Environmental and Occupational Health at Emory University’s Rollins School of Public Health and Professor of Medicine at Emory Medical School.

His research interests include public health aspects of the built environment; air pollution; metal and PCB toxicity; climate change; health benefits of contact with nature; and environmental and occupational health policy, especially regarding minority communities and developing nations. He is the author or co-author of over 180 scientific journal articles and chapters and several books.
Panel Moderated by Peter Steinbrueck, Steinbrueck Urban Strategies
Peter Steinbrueck
Steinbrueck Urban Strategies, Seattle

Peter Steinbrueck, FAIA is founder and principal of the consulting firm of Steinbrueck Urban Strategies, LLC. Among his recent work, Steinbrueck served as a key strategic planning consultant to Seattle Children’s Hospital, one of the nation’s top ten pediatric care hospitals, in the development of its 20-year, 1.5 million square-foot Facilities Master Plan. Other urban development projects have included and civic visioning for Philadelphia’s Central Delaware Riverfront; and sustainability guidelines for the San Diego’s center city.

As a three-term councilor for the City of Seattle from 1997 to 2007, Steinbrueck led numerous legislative efforts to advance cutting-edge sustainable practices in areas of public policy, planning, and regulation, including land use and development; transportation and urban mobility; water resource management; municipal waste and recycling; housing and human services; parks, open space; and historic preservation.

Most recently, Steinbrueck was named a Loeb Fellow, and has spent the academic year 2009-10 at the Harvard University Graduate School of Design. His independent research has focused on the "Politics, Planning and Best Practices for Advancing Urban Sustainability in the U.S.""
Session resources
> Poster
> Related Readings
Hester, R.T. (2006). Design for ecological democracy. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Frumkin, H. (2001). Beyond toxicity: Human health and the natural environment. American Journal of Preventative Medicine, 20, 234-240.

Frumkin, H. (2002). Urban sprawl and public health. Public Health Reports, 117, 201-217.

Frumkin, H. (2003). Healthy places: Exploring the evidence. American Journal of Public Health, 93, 1451-1456.

Frumkin, H. (2006). The measure of place. American Journal of Preventative Medicine, 31, 530-532.

Reed, C. (2010). Landscape urbanism in practice. Topos, 71, 90-105.

Reed, C. (2006). Public works practice. In Waldheim, C. (Ed.), The landscape urbanism reader (pp. 267-285). New York: Princeton Architectural Press.

> Audio recording

December 8: Networked Urbanisms: Connections & Communication across Space and Time

How are new digital media changing how we build and maintain the social connections that make urban environments vibrant? This panel brings together experts from humanities, social science, and technology to focus on questions of how computer networks and social networks are reshaping, remapping, and remaking cities. Technology and infrastructure have always helped to defi ne urban environments and rapidly changing information and communication technologies are no exception. From digital maps to online social networks, new technologies are changing what we know about the cities we are in, how we use them, and how we connect to one another.
Todd Presner, Germanic Languages, University of California, Los Angeles
Todd Presner
Germanic Languages, University of California, Los Angeles

Todd Presner is Professor of Germanic Languages, Comparative Literature, and Jewish Studies at the University of California, Los Angeles. He is currently Co-Director of the UCLA Center for Jewish Studies (with David Myers) and will become the Director of the Center in Spring 2011. He is also the Chair of the proposed Digital Humanities undergraduate minor and graduate certificate program (slated to begin in Winter 2011). His research focuses on European intellectual history, the history of media, visual culture, digital humanities, and cultural geography. He is the author of two books: The first, Mobile Modernity: Germans, Jews, Trains (Columbia University Press, 2007), maps German-Jewish intellectual history onto the development of the railway system; the second, Muscular Judaism: The Jewish Body and the Politics of Regeneration (Routledge, 2007), analyzes the aesthe tic dimensions of the strong Jewish body. In the field of Digital Humanities, Presner’s current research focuses on the development of the geo-spatial web, digital publications, issues of temporality and GIS, and the technical media that enable visualizations of complex city spaces.

Presner is also the founder and director of HyperCities (, a collaborative, digital mapping platform that explores the layered histories of city spaces. Awarded one of the first "digital media and learning" prizes by the MacArthur Foundation/HASTAC in 2008, HyperCities is an interactive, web-based research and teaching environment for authoring and analyzing the cultural, architectural, and urban history of cities. In 2010, HyperCities was awarded one of the first Digital Humanities awards from Google to integrate historical mapping with Google Book Search.
David Stark, Sociology, Columbia University
David Stark
Sociology, Columbia University

David Stark is Arthur Lehman Professor of Sociology and International Affairs at Columbia University where he is Chair of the Department of Sociology and also directs the Center on Organizational Innovation. His most recent book, The Sense of Dissonance: Accounts of Worth in Economic Life, was published by Princeton University Press in 2009. Stark studies how organizations and their members search for what is valuable. Dissonance – disagreement about the principles of worth – can lead to discovery. To study the organizational basis for innovation, he has carried out ethnographic field research in Hungarian factories before and after 1989, in new media start-ups in Manhattan before and after the crash, and in a World Financial Center trading room before and after the attack on September 11th.

Stark was named a Guggenheim Fellow in 2002. He has been a visiting fellow at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris; the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies in Cologne; the Institute of Advanced Study in Durham, UK; the Russell Sage Foundation in New York City; the University of Canterbury in Christchurch, New Zealand; the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences in Palo Alto; the Institute for Advanced Study/Collegium Budapest; the Center for the Social Sciences in Berlin; and the Institute for Human Sciences in Vienna.
Tad Hirsch, People and Practices Research Group, Intel
Tad Hirsch
People and Practices Research Group, Intel

Tad Hirsch is a design researcher with the People and Practices Research group at Intel, where he examines ways to use technology for natural resource management, sustainable agriculture, and food-based social movements. He previously developed mobile phone services for political activists at MIT's Media Lab, and taught studio art in RISD's Digital + Media Department. He has worked with Intel's People and Practices Research Group, Motorola's Advanced Concepts Group and the Interaction Design Studio at Carnegie Mellon University, and has several years experience in the nonprofit sector. Tad is also a frequent collaborator with the Institute for Applied Autonomy. He holds a PhD in Media Arts and Sciences from MIT, and an MDes in Interaction Design from Carnegie Mellon University.
Hanson Hosein, University of Washington
Hanson Hosein
Hanson Hosein, Director, Master of Communication in the University of Washington Digital Media program, joined the faculty in 2007. He's an Emmy Award-winning television journalist and independent filmmaker. He teaches courses on strategic research, social media, and digital content creation. Hanson earned law degrees (LL.B., B.C.L.) from McGill University in 1992 and the University of Paris (M. en droit) in 1993. He was awarded an M.S. from Columbia University's Graduate School of Journalism in 1994.

His documentary film "Independent America: The Two-Lane Search for Mom & Pop" has been broadcast and streamed around the world, thanks to an innovative digital media marketing approach (Sundance Channel, NHK Japan, SBS Australia, CBC Documentary Channel, His award-winning follow-up film "Rising from Ruins" was an Official Selection of the 2009 Seattle International Film Festival. Hanson also produced groundbreaking films for the U.S. government in southern Africa, for, Discovery Channel Mobile in Latin America and for aid organizations such as PATH and Mercy Corps.

Hanson has worked as a television news correspondent and producer from the world's hotspots for NBC News, MSNBC, CBC News, and Global National. Among other stories, he covered the war in Iraq, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, the NATO intervention in Kosovo, the 1999 Turkey earthquake, the death of King Hussein of Jordan, and Al-Qaeda's bombing of the U.S. Embassy in Nairobi.
Session resources
> Poster
> Related Readings
Presner, T. (2010, June 8). Digital Humanities 2.0: A Report on Knowledge. Retrieved from the Connexions Web site:

Presner, T. (2010, May 14). HyperCities: A Case Study for the Future of Scholarly Publishing. Retrieved from the Connexions Web site:

Stark, D. (2009). The Sense of Dissonance: Accounts of Worth in Economic Life. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Vedres, B., & Stark, D. (2010). Structural folds: Generative disruption in overlapping groups. American Journal of Sociology, 15, 1150-1190.

Girard, M., & Stark, D. (2007). Socio-technologies of assembly: Sense-making and demonstration in rebuilding Lower Manhattan. In V. Mayer-Schönberger & D. Lazer (Eds.), Governance and information technology: From electronic government to information government (pp. 145-176). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

> Audio recording

December 9: America’s War on Immigrants

The Mary Ann and John Mangels Endowed Lecture Series is sponsored by the Graduate Opportunity and Minority Achievement Program at The Graduate School
Douglas Massey, Henry G. Bryant Professor of Sociology, Princeton University
Douglas Massey

Henry G. Bryant Professor of Sociology, Princeton University

The rising upset against immigrants, particularly from Mexico, has begun a series of harsh reforms in the past 30 years. Massey, the Henry G. Bryant Professor of Sociology and Public Affairs at Princeton University, will discuss this and how Latinos are becoming the new American underclass, as he did in his most recent book, Brokered Boundaries: Creating Immigrant Identity in Anti-Immigrant Times. This lecture is being dedicated to the legacy of Roberto Maestas, BA, 1966, 1971

January 13: Informal Urbanism: Slum Cities and Global Health

By 2030 nearly 2 billion people will live in informal urban settlements or slums. Although living in abject poverty, slum communities are resilient and create new forms of urbanism. This panel will discuss current work in slums throughout the world, considering issues of empowerment and social equity, environmental sustainability, economic development and human health. These discussions will be both speculative and refl ective, stimulating critical inquiry and interdisciplinary dialogue into how concerted efforts can transform informal communities to improve the health of those living within them and guide future development of cities worldwide.

Melanie Walker, Gates Foundation, Seattle
Melanie Walker
Gates Foundation, Seattle

Melanie Walker is a Senior Program Officer for Special Initiatives on the Global Development team at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Dr. Walker manages a team which supports rigorous learning across a range of emerging issues outside of current foundation program areas, including portfolios focused on Urban Poverty, Governance, Integrated Development, and One-Time Opportunities. The Urban Poverty Special Initiative was started in 2006, and supports two learning areas: building capacity for organizations working on-the-ground with the urban poor, and integrating the voice of the poor into the municipal planning process. Dr. Walker received her undergraduate and medical education at the University of Texas, and has extensive international field experience in health and development. She joined the foundation from her post at the World Health Organization as the lead author for the Commission for Macroeconomics & Health in China.
Celine D'Cruz, Slum Dwellers International
Celine D'Cruz
Slum Dwellers International

Founding member and Associate Director the of Society Promotion of Area Resource Centres, Celine D'Cruz in the early 80’s began working for the rights of pavement dwellers, the poorest of the poor in her city of Mumbai. Organizing poor women in the pavements and slums of Mumbai through savings and self-enumeration, she helped them bargain collectively to bring housing, sanitation and other vital services to their families. Today SPARC along with the National Slum Dwellers Federation works in over 70 Indian cities and towns to build the capacity of organizations representing the poor to address issues of urban poverty. D'Cruz dedicated herself to opening channels of dialogue between these organizations and the municipal and state agencies with whom they had to negotiate. In 1998, D'Cruz became coordinator of Slum Dwellers International (SDI). Her efforts have helped thousands build new housing and sanitation facilities in many cities of Asia and southern and east Africa and build a movement of slum dwellers who are able to negotiate and collaborate with their cities through these simple tools of collective savings and building a data base of slums, information that most cities do not have. In Mumbai alone over 30,000 slum families have moved into new homes and over 500,000 families now have access to drinking water.

Celine moved a year ago to Washington DC with her husband and was seconded by SDI to work for Cities Alliance at the World Bank. She is now back as one of the coordinators of SDI where she continues to create a voice of the urban poor in the cities of South America, Africa and Asia to be able to engage their governments on issues of secure tenure, housing and sanitation for the urban poor.
Reinhard Goethert, SIGUS, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Reinhard K. Goethert
SIGUS, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Dr. Goethert is an internationally recognized in planning and upgrading of low-income settlements, in physical design and in participatory technique in urban development strategies. Goethert is Principal Research Associate in the School of Architecture and Planning at MIT, focusing his interests in methodologies of urban planning, settlement design and housing. He teaches courses on housing and is director of SIGUS, a service oriented program targeting the informal sector in developing countries. Dr. Goethert’s publications include "Urbanization Primer","Making MicroPlans: A community based process in programming and development" and "Action Planning for Cities". His designs include Bolivia (Rio Seco, Villa Ingenio), El Salvador (Popotlan) and Nicaragua (Villa San Jacinto). He has developed and led training programs, workshops, and seminars on upgrading, use of information technology, and settlement design for a wide range of government and international development agency clients. Dr. Goethert promotes the workshop approach in hands-on training and is recognized as an expert in this methodology.

Currently, Dr. Goethert focuses on incremental housing and tools to capture the development process in a two-dimensional diagrammatic form with cell-phone interface, land planning research on the fringes of rapidly growing cities, and a new initiative on ecological "smart-slope" urban development.
Session resources
> Poster
> Related Readings
University-NGO-Community Collaborations

Goethert, R. (2010). Universities are the basis for sustainable development: Build practical partnerships with the development community. A 3-point proposal.

D'Cruz, C., & Satterthwaite, D. (2006). The role of urban grassroots organizations and their national federations in reducing poverty and achieving the Millennium Development Goals. Global Urban Development, 2(1), 1-17.

Shack / Slum Dwellers International Publications shared by Melanie Walker

Additional Readings and Links Provided by the Guests Are Accessible Below

Celine D'Cruz:
D'Cruz, C. (2007, March 14). The promised land: Pavement dwellers' quest for land in Mumbai. Paper submitted at Global Land Tools Network for Grassroots Workshop, Nairobi. D'Cruz, C. (2007, March 14). The promised land: Pavement dwellers' quest for land in Mumbai. Paper submitted at Global Land Tools Network for Grassroots Workshop, Nairobi.
D'Cruz, C. (2009, July). Leadership in urban areas. Tiempo, 72, 3-8.

Reinhard Goethert:
Goethert, R. (2003). Urban quality workshops in Mataram, Indonesia: Fishing the future!
Goethert, R. (2006). Sustainable urban conservation of the Old City Yangzhou: Community action planning is the key to sustainability.

Melanie Walker:
Wiego shared by Melanie Walker shared by Melanie Walker

> Audio recording

February 11: Transcultural Urbanism: Immigrants in the City

The 21st century city is inevitably global and local, dislodging boundaries between nation states as well as public and private realms. This panel investigates the impact of these transformations on cities at both the macro and micro scales. Trans-national cross-currents between cities and within neighborhoods require cross-cultural understanding of urban spaces and how transcultural processes can transform future cities. The panel will also look at particular urban building forms ranging from micro-urban housing to new civic spaces.

In conjunction with Transcultural Cities Symposium
Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris, Urban Planning; Associate Dean, School of Public Affairs, University of California, Los Angeles
Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris
Urban Planning, University of California, Los Angeles

Professor Loukaitou-Sideris’ research focuses on the public environment of the city, its physical representation, aesthetics, social meaning and impact on the urban resident. Her work seeks to integrate social and physical issues in urban planning and architecture. An underlying theme of her work is its "user focus"; that is, she seeks to analyze and understand the built environment from the perspective of those who live and work there.

Dr. Loukaitou-Sideris’ research includes documentation and analysis of the social and physical changes that have occurred in the public realm; cultural determinants of design and planning and their implications for public policy; quality-of-life issues for inner city residents; transit security, and urban design and transportation issues. She has served as a consultant to the Transportation Research Board, Federal Highway Administration, Southern California Association of Governments, South Bay Cities Council of Government, Los Angeles Neighborhood Initiative, the Greek Government, and many municipal governments on issues of urban design, open space development, land use and transportation, and she has been recently commissioned to author research papers by the National Academies and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

Dr. Loukaitou-Sideris is the author of numerous articles, the co-author of the book Urban Design Downtown: Poetics and Politics of Form (University of California Press, 1998), the co-editor of the book Jobs and Economic Development in Minority Communities (Temple University Press, 2006). Her latest book, Sidewalks: Conflict and Negotiation over Public Space, about the social uses of sidewalks, was published by the MIT Press in 2009.
Michael Rios, Environmental Design, University of California, Davis
Michael Rios
Environmental Design, University of California, Davis

Michael Rios joined the University of California, Davis faculty in July 2007. Previously, he held a joint faculty appointment in the School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture at The Pennsylvania State University. While at Penn State, Professor Rios also received his Ph.D. in Geography and was inaugural director of the Hamer Center for Community Design from 1999-2007. He received his Master of Architecture and Master of City Planning degrees from the University of California, Berkeley.

Michael Rios’s research focuses on urbanism and placemaking in U.S. cities. Urbanism and placemaking provide a lens from which to analyze contemporary practice and highlights the tensions that exist between the state and civil society groups, professionals and the publics they purport to serve. The aim of this collective work is to understand how institutions, practitioners, and citizens develop capacities for collective action, praxis, and meaningful participation as members of political communities. Michael’s recent work includes research on placemaking in Latino communities, multi-ethnic spaces, and post-disaster planning and urbanism.

In his teaching, Professor Rios provides a cross-disciplinary perspective among the spatial fields of architecture, geography, landscape architecture, and urban planning. Some examples include courses on urbanism and placemaking, citizenship and public space, post-disaster urbanism, urban and community design. He is on the executive committee of the Center for Regional Change, and was president of the Association for Community Design (2003-2005) and a founding member of the Pennsylvania Advocates for Nutrition and Activity (2001-2007).
Arijit Sen, Architecture, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee
Arijit Sen
Architecture, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee

Arijit Sen, Assistant Professor of Architecture, teaches architectural design urbanism and cultural landscapes at the University of Wisconsin Milwaukee. He is the co-coordinator of the Buildings Cultures Landscapes doctoral program initiative between the University of Wisconsin-Madison and Milwaukee. His research interests include physical and cultural landscapes of immigration in the United States. He is currently completing his book “Creative Dissonance: The Politics of Immigrant World Making” and a co-edited monograph “Devon Street, Chicago: Interpreting Landscapes of Transnationalism.” Sen received his PhD from the University of California, Berkeley and served as a Center for 21st Century Studies fellow at the University of Wisconsin Milwaukee and a Quadrant Fellow at the Institute of Advanced Study at the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.
Session resources
> Poster
> Related Readings
Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris:

Vibrant Sidewalks in the United States: Re-integrating Walking and a Quintessential Social Realm, (with Renia Ehrenfeucht) in Access, 36, 22-29.

Cultural Tourism as an Economic Development Strategy for Ethnic Neighborhoods, (with Konstantina Soureli) in Economic Development Quarterly, forthcoming.

Michael Rios:

The Limits of New Urbanism in Post-disaster Planning: The Case of East Biloxi, in Batture: Amnesiascope, 4, 12-23.

On Education, Pluralist Planning, New Institutions and Language: Public Interview with Damon Rich (Center for Urban Pedagogy (CUP), New York) and Michael Rios (University of California, Davis), in An Architektur, 21, 16-25.

Arijit Sen:

Evaluating Lived Landscapes and Quotidian Architecture of Muslim Devon, In Homogeneity of Representations, p. 175-195, The Aga Khan Award for Architecture Knowledge Construction Workshop II, Modjtaba Sadria Editor, (London: I.B.Tauris, 2011).

Creative Dissonance: Performance of Ethnicity in Banal Space, In InTensions 2 (Spring 2009),

Dan Abramson, Lynne Manzo, and Jeffrey Hou:

From Ethnic Enclave to Multi-Ethnic Translocal Community: Contested Identities and Urban Design in Seattle’s Chinatown-International District. Journal of Architectural and Planning Research, 23, 341-359.

> Audio recording

March 10: Generosity of Cities: Arts, Humanities, and the City

Placing the arts at the heart of the civic realm is essential to a rich and vibrant city. With rapid urbanization, the arts and humanities serve as indicators of the health and vigor of urban communities and civic life. The diversity of artistic and cultural forms in an urban landscape creates a force for change, a gesture of generosity, and a venue for exploration, contemplation, discourse, and action.

The arts and humanities have a unique place in the cultural, economic, and social life of a city, creating a spirit of collective generosity that shapes the quality and complexity of the urban experience. Join this discussion in thinking about cities, generosity, and the arts.

Rick Lowe, Founder of Project Row Houses, Houston Texas
Rick Lowe
Founder of Project Row Houses, Houston Texas. His formal training is in the visual arts. Over the past twenty years he has worked both inside and outside of art world institutions by participating in exhibitions and developing community based art projects.

In 1993, Rick founded Project Row Houses, an arts and cultural community located in a historically significant and culturally charged neighborhood in Houston, Texas, and in 2006, he spearheaded Transforma Projects in New Orleans, a collaborative effort to engage artists and creativity in the rebuilding of the City after Hurricane Katrina.

Rick has exhibited at Houston’s Contemporary Arts Museum, Museum of Fine Arts, and the Glassell School; the Phoenix Art Museum; the Los Angeles Museum of Contemporary Arts, the Neuberger Museum in Purchase, New York; the Kwangji Bienale in Kwangji, Korea; the Indianapolis Museum of Art; the Kumamoto State Museum in Kumamoto, Japan; the Zora Neale Hurston Museum in Eatonville, Florida; the Venice Architecture Biennale, and the Anyang Public Art Program.

Rick has served as artist-in-residence at universities throughout the United States, has lecture internationally, and has worked as a guest artist on numerous community projects. His work has been recognized with the American Institute of Architecture Keystone Award, the Heinz Award in the Arts and Humanities, the Brandywine Lifetime Achievement Award, the Skandalaris Award for Art and Architecture, and a United States Artists Fellowship in Design. He has served the Houston community on numerous boards and commissions.
Glenn Weiss, Manager of Public Arts in Times Square, New York City
Glenn Weiss
Manager of Public Arts in Times Square, New York City

Glenn Weiss developed the first comprehensive public art and performance program for Times Square. Since joining the Business Improvement District in 2008, he has produced more than 30 installations, murals, performances, games, participatory events and video works on the giant LED screens. In the 2000s, Weiss was a public art consultant in south Florida preparing for master plans for cities like Miami Beach and leading art selection processes. He has managed major public art programs for Broward County (Fort Lauderdale) and King County (Seattle) and served as a curator of architecture and/or public art for PS1, Storefront for Art and Architecture, Seattle Art Museum and 911 Media Arts Center. As a writer, he blogged the aestheticgrounds column for on public art and he wrote the architectural criticism for Arcade Magazine and Seattle Magazine where he won an award from the Society of Professional Journalists. He taught architecture and planning at Florida Atlantic University and holds a Master of Architecture from Columbia University in New York.

photo courtesy of Maria Foladori

Session resources
> Poster
> Related Readings
Rick Lowe

Introspective Magazine / Waters Roeck. (2010). On Location: Project Row Houses.

Kimmelman, M. (2006, December 17). In Houston, art is where the home is. The New York Times.

Sholette, G. (2010, November 22). Activism as art: Shotgun shacks saved through art-based revitalization.The Huffington Post.

Glenn Weiss

D'Anjou, P., & Weiss, G. (2009). The forgotten project in New Urbanism. Design Philosophy Papers.

Weiss, G. (2007, September). Argent and Denver's Bear: Critique Method 3.

Weiss, G. (2007, November). The human and nature: Singer and Del Sol.

Weiss, G. (2007, December). Pink Project in New Orleans - Brad Pitt.

> Audio recording

April 7: Next Eco-Cities: Imaginations and Futures

Urban environments worldwide are in the midst of multiple shifts, driven by interconnected fl ows in capital, people, and resources at local, regional and global scales. It impacts not only cities but also the network of social and ecological systems well beyond their borders. In contrast to the complexity of today’s urbanization, the concept of the “Eco-City”, arguably dating back to the ideal of the 19th Century Garden City, seems like an overly simplistic and utopian vision. Yet, the imagery and language of an idealized “Eco-City” continue to shape the planning and design of contemporary cities while disregarding the vital complexity of contemporary urban conditions and issues.
Kongjian Yu, Turenscape, Beijing, China
Kongjian Yu
Turenscape, Beijing, China

Kongjian Yu is professor of urban and regional planning and Landscape Architecture, and founder and dean of College of Architecture and Landscape Architecture at Peking University. He received his Doctor of Design degree at the Harvard Graduate School of Design in 1995. Professor Yu is the founder and president of Turenscape. His practice includes planning and design of landscapes and urban development all over China and in the world.

Professor Yu’s projects have received numerous prestigious international awards, including 8 American Society of Landscape Architects (ASLA) Excellence and Honor Awards in Design and Planning, 2009 World Architecture Festival World Landscape Award, 2009 ULI Global Award. Professor Yu has been three-time keynote speaker for the International Federation of Landscape Architects world congresses and two -time keynote speaker for the ASLA annual conferences, and has been invited to lecture and design critique at more than 30 universities worldwide, and is visiting professor of landscape architecture and urban planning and design at Harvard Graduate School of Design. He has published 17 books and more than 200 papers, and the recent titles include The Big Foot Revolution (2010), Beautiful Big Feet (2010), Back to Land (2009), The Art of Survival (2006), and The Negative Approach (2005). He is the chief editor of Landscape Architecture China, and member of the editorial board for the Journal of Landscape Architecture (Jola) and Urban Planning review. He serves as member of several expert committees for the Ministry of Housing, Rural and Urban Construction, Ministry of Land Resources of China, and for City of Beijing. He is currently serving the Master Jury of Aga Kahn Architecture Award.
Karen Seto, School of Forestry & Environmental Studies, Yale University
Karen Seto
School of Forestry & Environmental Studies, Yale University

Karen Seto is an Associate Professor at the School of Forestry and Environmental Studies at Yale University. Professor Seto studies the human transformation of land and the links between urbanization, global change, and sustainability. A geographer by training, her research includes understanding urbanization dynamics, forecasting urban growth, and examining the environmental consequences of land-use change and urban expansion. She is an expert in satellite remote sensing analysis and has pioneered methods to reconstruct historical land-use and to develop empirical models to explain and forecast the expansion of urban areas. Her research areas include urbanization and the loss of agricultural land, climate change and urbanization, and sustainable development. Her geographic region of specialization is Asia, where she has worked on urban development issues for more than fifteen years. Currently she has active research projects in China and India.

Professor Seto is Co-Chair of the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change (IHDP) Urbanization and Global Environmental Change Project, and a Coordinating Lead Author for Working Group III of the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report. She also serves on the U.S. Carbon Cycle Scientific Steering Group, the U.S. National Research Council Geographical Sciences Committee, and the Scientific Steering Committee of the IPCC Working Groups II and III Expert Meeting on Human Settlements and Infrastructure. From 2002 to 2008, she was the Remote Sensing Thematic Leader for the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Commission on Ecosystem Management, and she is a former member of the Scientific Steering Committee of the Monsoon Asia Integrated Regional Studies Project (MAIRS) and the NASA SEDAC Advisory Group. Professor Seto is Executive Producer of 10,000 Shovels: Rapid Urban Growth in South China, a documentary film that integrates satellite imagery, historical photographs, and contemporary film footage to highlight the urban changes occurring in China.
Pierre Bélanger, Harvard University, Boston
Pierre Bélanger
Harvard University, Boston

Pierre Bélanger is Associate Professor at the Harvard University Graduate School of Design. He teaches graduate courses on landscape, infrastructure and urbanism in the interrelated fields of planning, design and engineering. He is the editor of the Landscape Infrastructures DVD published by the National Research Council of Canada and recipient of the 2008/2009 Professional Prix de Rome in Architecture awarded by the Canada Council for the Arts.

Cited by urbanists and theorists such as AbdouMaliq Simone, Elizabeth K. Meyer and Dirk Sijmons, Bélanger’s research work is published in planning, design and engineering journals and books including Landscape Journal, Topos, New Geographies, The Landscape Urbanism Reader, Geoinformatics, Journal of Tunneling and Underground Space Technology, Trash, Food, and Canadian Architect. Bélanger’s most recent publications include "Redefining Infrastructure" (2010), "Power Perestroika" (2009), "Landscape as Infrastructure" (2009), "Landscapes of Disassembly" (2007), "Synthetic Surfaces" (2007), "Foodshed" (2007), "Airspace" (2006) and "Underground Urbanism" (2006).

Combining knowledge from the engineering and environmental sciences, Bélanger collaborates with public agencies, private landowners, regional authorities and a team of interdisciplinary practitioners unilaterally focused on the dual objectives of ecological durability and economic performance in the reclamation of regional systems and large urban landscapes. Through the inception of the Landscape Infrastructure Lab in 2006 (a federally incorporated non-profit planning organization), Bélanger initiates and coordinates a portfolio of projects funded by public/private partnerships that include the Canada Foundation for Innovation, Transport Canada, Foreign Affairs & International Trade Canada, the Social Sciences & Humanities Research Council, the Toronto Region Conservation Authority, the Greater Toronto Airports Authority, Cadillac Fairview Corporation, Waste Management Inc. and the City of Toronto.

Moderated by Daniel S. Friedman, Dean College of Built Environments, University of Washington
Session resources
> Poster
> Related Readings
Pierre Bélanger

Bélanger, P. (2009). Landscape as infrastructure. Landscape Journal, 28, 79-95.

Bélanger, P. (2010). Redefining infrastructure. In M. Mostafavi & G. Doherty (Eds.), Ecological Urbanism (pp. 332-349). Baden, Switzerland: Lars Müller Publishers.

Bélanger, P. (2010). Regionalisation: Probing the urban landscape of the Great Lakes Region. Journal of Landscape Architecture, Fall 2010, 6-23.

Karen Seto

Güneralp, B., & Seto, K.C. In press. Can gains in efficiency offset the resource demands and CO2 emissions from constructing and operating the built environment? Applied Geography.

Milkowski, A.H., & Seto, K.C. (2009). Land as a resource. Daylight and Architecture, 12, 51-58.

Reilly, M.K., O’Mara, M.P., and Seto, K.C. (2009). From Bangalore to the Bay Area: Comparing transportation and accessibility as drivers of urban growth. Landscape and Urban Planning, 92, 24-33.

Kongjian Yu

Yu, K. (2010). Beautiful big feet: Toward a new landscape aesthetic. Harvard Design Magazine, 31, 48-59.

> Seminar Audio Recording Download

April 8: Next Eco-City Symposium

This symposium will examine today's multifaceted urban environment in order to explore emerging theories and practices that will enable us to address these critical issues. Specifically, it investigates three areas of knowledge and practices: emergent ecologies, emergent cities, and emergent tactics.
> NEXT ECO-CITY // Emergent Urbanism Symposium Website
> Symposium Audio Recordings Download

Symposium Keynote
Kongjian Yu, Turenscape, Beijing

Emergent Ecologies
Jane Wolff, University of Toronto | Andy Karvonen, University of Manchester | Kristina Hill, University of Virginia | moderated by Ken Yocom, University of Washington

Emergent Cities
Chelina Odbert and Jennifer Toy, Kounkuey Design Initiative | Viren Brahmbhatt, Pratt Institute | Alfredo Brillembourg, Urban Think Tank | moderated by Ben Spencer, University of Washington

Emergent Tactics
John Bela, Rebar | Nicholas de Monchaux, University of California, Berkeley | Denise Hoffman Brandt, City College of New York | moderated by Jeff Hou, University of Washington

May 5: Social Justice, Inequality and Cities

Inequality is intensifying in American cities with profound consequences for people’s well being and for broader society. This panel aims to make sense of where urban inequalities emerge, how they are perpetuated, and why they still exist. The role of community activism around social justice in American cities is addressed, as is strategic engagement with existing public policies and ongoing efforts to transform them. co- sponsored with the West Coast Poverty Center
Laura Pulido, Professor of American Studies and Ethnicity/Geography, University of Southern California
Laura Pulido
Professor of American Studies and Ethnicity/Geography, University of Southern California

Professor Pulido researches race, political activism, ethnic studies, and Los Angeles. She studies how various groups experience racial and class oppression, how these experiences differ among particular communities of color, and how they mobilize to create a more socially-just world. Asking such questions, Professor Pulido has done extensive work in the field of environmental justice, landscape studies, and uncovering the history of the third world left. Currently, she is completing a book project called, A PEOPLE’S GUIDE TO LA, and alternative tour guide that documents sites of racial and class struggle in Los Angeles county’s history and landscape.
Nik Heynen, Geography, University of Georgia
Nik Heynen
Geography, University of Georgia

Nik Heynen is Associate Professor of Geography at the University of Georgia. His research interests include urban political economy/ecology, Social theory, Inequality and Social Movements. Focusing on the intersections of urban studies and political ecology, he has written/ co-edited several books that include The Point is to Change It: Geographies of Hope and Survival in an Age of Crisis (2010), Neoliberal Environments: False Promises and Unnatural Consequences (2007) and In the Nature of Cities: Urban Political Ecology and the Politics of Urban Metabolism (2006). He is also co-convener of the Athens Food Collective and is Editor and Interventions Editor for Antipode: A Radical Journal of Geography.
Marilyn Watkins, Executive Director, Economic Opportunity Institute
Marilyn Watkins
Marilyn Watkins joined EOI in 1999. Her areas of expertise include work/family balance, Social Security, the state economy, and state revenue policy. She has been appointed to the Governor’s Commission on Transforming Washington’s Budget (2010), the Joint Legislative Taskforce on Family Leave Insurance (2007), the Seattle Public Library Strategic Advisory Committee (2010), and serves on the executive committee of Family Values @ Work Multi-State Consortium. Before joining EOI, Marilyn worked as a historical consultant for Northwest tribes and taught courses in Pacific Northwest and American women's history. She earned a B.A. in Social Studies at Harvard and Ph.D. in History at the University of Michigan, specializing in U.S. social and political history. EOI's work.

Moderated by Ana M. Cauce, Dean College of Arts & Sciences, University of Washington
Session resources
> Poster
> Related Readings
Heynen, N. (2009). Bending the bars of empire from every ghetto for survival: The Black Panther Party’s radical antihungry politics of social reproduction and scale. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 99, 406-422.

Heynen, N. (2010). Cooking up non-violent civil-disobedient direct action for the hungry: ‘Food Not Bombs’ and the resurgence of radical democracy in the U.S. Urban Studies, 47, 1225-1240.

Cheng, W., Barraclough, L., & Pulido, L. (2010). Radicalising teaching and tourism: A People’s Guide as active and activist history. Left History, 15, 111-127.

Pulido, L. (2008). Chapter three: The politicization of the third world left. In Black, brown, yellow, and left: Radical activism in Los Angeles. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

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Mellon Foundation
Simpson Center for the Humanities - UW

Contributors to the Program:
Starbucks Company

Michael Rios
Arijit Sen

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Spring 2011
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